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Family Reunion Visa in Germany

Family Reunion Visa in Germany

Foreign citizens who have moved to Germany and managed to settle here can bring close family members to join and live with them on a German family reunion visa. However, family reunification is possible only by meeting specific requirements.

Below, our German immigration lawyers explain the main aspects of obtaining a family reunion in Germany. They can also provide tailored support and answer all German family reunion visa-related frequently asked questions.

The family reunification visa in Germany – aspects to consider

The family reunion visa in Germany can be requested by third-country nationals who have immigrated to this country and have obtained a residence permit. By third-country nationals, we understand foreign citizens coming from:

  • Non-EU countries;
  • Non-EEA countries;
  • Non-Schengen countries.

Therefore, citizens of countries in the European Union, the EEA, and Switzerland can enter Germany and then reunite with their families without completing additional requirements.

In this case, one of the frequently asked questions on the family reunion visa in Germany is if the family members joining them must comply with any requirement. While they are not required to apply for any visa, they must register with the local police office in the city/town they will live in.

Family reunification in Germany is covered by Section 27 in the Residence Law and Section 3 in the EU’s Freedom of Movement Law. Our immigration lawyers can also offer detailed information on the German family reunion visa processing time.

Foreign citizens who have moved to Germany and managed to settle here can bring close family members to join and live with them for limited or unlimited periods. However, family reunification is possible only by meeting specific requirements.

 Quick Facts  
 Visa type The German family reunion visa is a long-stay visa designed for the specific purpose of bringing relatives of German residents to join them. 

 Eligible family members 

Spouse or registered partner, a child, a parent, siblings, aunts, uncles, etc.  

 Sponsorship requirement 


  Application submission Applications are submitted to the German embassy with the help of our immigration lawyers.  
 Required documentation 

– completed visa application form;

– valid passport;

– passport-sized photos;

– proof of family relationship;

– German resident’s proof of status;

– accommodation proof;

– health insurance;

– proof of financial means;

– language proficiency certificate;

– visa fee payment receipt. 

 Processing time 

The processing time for a German family reunion visa varies from days to months, contingent on the volume of applications at the German embassy. 

 Language requirements 

At least basic language  

Health insurance  

You must have health insurance before moving to Germany.  

 Integration courses

Yes available, some of them are:

– General integration course;

– Integration course for youths;

– Integration course for parents;

– Integration course for women. 

 Duration of stay Same as the German resident (sponsor). 
 Employment opportunities 

Available for the individuals who have a type D visa.  

 Travel within Schengen Area 


Rejection reasons  

– incomplete documentation;

– the provided documents did not align with the travel purpose;

– failure in establishing family ties, etc. 

Appeal right  

Letter of Appeal for Visa Rejection  

Legal assistance   Seek legal counsel for your German family reunification visa application. Our team of immigration attorneys in Germany is ready to assist, offering expertise to navigate complexities and facilitate a seamless reunion process.  

Below, our German immigration lawyers explain the main aspects of obtaining a family reunion in Germany. They can also provide tailored support and answer all German family reunion visa-related frequently asked questions.

Who qualifies for a family reunion visa in Germany?

Foreign citizens who want to apply for a family reunification visa in Germany must meet specific conditions themselves, however, these are not very stringent and imply any of the following:

  1. For him/her to have a German residence permit;
  2. For him/her to have an EU Blue Card;
  3. To be self-employed in Germany and have a work permit in this sense;
  4. For him/her to have obtained German citizenship in the meantime;
  5. To have the financial means to support him/herself and the family members joining them;
  6. Valid health insurance and decent living conditions to accommodate the incoming family;
  7. The last three conditions apply to all German residents acting as sponsors.

When it comes to the family members who can join a German residence permit holder or citizen by naturalization, it is worth noting that the authorities here are quite flexible and allow sponsors to bring:

  • Their spouses and civil partners;
  • Their minor and adult children;
  • Their parents and siblings;
  • Other family members, such as uncles, aunts, nieces, nephews, and so on.

Germany is an open country when it comes to immigration, including that of third-country nationals.

Concerning the German family reunion visa processing time, it should be noted that it depends on how soon the documents are ready and if the application file is complete. However, for such aspects, you can rely on our specialists’ services who can offer all the necessary support in family immigration.

Our immigration law firm in Germany can help foreign citizens who want to come here for the first time or who want to have their families join them.

General prerequisites for family reunion visa in Germany

Before delving into the general checklist of documents required for a German family reunion visa application, let’s outline the prerequisites that both you and your spouse must fulfill to qualify for a family reunion visa in Germany:

  1. Marriage: Your marriage should have been officially registered before you obtained your German student visa. 
  2. Accommodation: If you are a holder of a student residence permit, and your family wants to apply for a family reunion visa in Germany to join you, you must ensure suitable housing in Germany. This means your living space should be sufficient for your family/spouse. For instance, an 18 sq.m. single room in a student dormitory would not meet the requirements for accommodating a couple/family. 
  3. Financial resources: You must demonstrate that you have adequate financial resources to support both yourself and your spouse without relying on public funds.

Additionally, it’s essential to ensure that all necessary documentation is prepared and submitted accurately to facilitate a smooth German family reunion visa application process. By meeting these prerequisites and providing the required documentation, you can increase the likelihood of a successful family reunion visa in Germany application and enjoy the benefits of being reunited with your spouse. If you want to immigrate to Germany on a family reunion visa, we can assist. The services of our experienced immigration German lawyers are at your disposal. 

Documents required to apply for a German family reunion visa

When it comes to the papers to be prepared and filed with the Federal Office for Migration for a family reunion visa in Germany, the most important thing to consider is that these depend on the relationship between the sponsor (person established here) and the person joining him her. Generally speaking, the following papers must be prepared:

  • The passport of the incoming family member (at least 3 months validity is required for this document);
  • An application which must be submitted in two forms;
  • Two biometric photos;
  • An invitation letter from the German sponsor;
  • Proof of having a basic level of the German language;
  • Proof of residential address once arrived in Germany.

Then, based on the relationship with the German resident, the marriage certificate, birth certificate, and other supporting documents indicating family ties need to be presented.

If you need more information, our lawyers are ready to answer frequently asked questions on the family reunion visa in Germany.

Can I bring my family to Germany on a family reunification visa as a student?

The German family reunification visa is specifically designed for the family members of international students, allowing them to accompany the students throughout their studies in the country. In essence, as an international student holding a German student visa or student residence permit, you have the opportunity to bring certain family members with you. 

To apply for a family reunification visa in Germany, both you and your partner must be a minimum of 18 years old. It’s crucial to understand that not all relatives are authorized to accompany you during your studies. Generally, eligible family members who can join you during your academic pursuits in Germany include your spouse (wife or husband), child, and parent, depending on individual circumstances. It’s important to note that the required documentation for your child to accompany you differs from that necessary when your spouse is joining you on your German student visa.

Can my spouse work on a family reunification visa in Germany?

Certainly, family members accompanying you during your studies have the option to work with a family reunion visa in Germany. Upon arriving in Germany with a family reunion visa, your spouse, for instance, will typically have approximately 3 months to transition that visa into a residence permit for spouses. Once the residence permit is approved, your husband or wife will be entitled to work in Germany.

Frequently asked questions about German family reunification visa

Please find below some of the most frequently asked questions related to family reunification visas in Germany. Also note that our skilled lawyers provide comprehensive assistance regarding Germany migration:

What is the validity of a family reunification visa in Germany?

The family reunification visa remains valid throughout the entire period of your studies, meaning that a German family visa is effective for a minimum of one year.

What is the processing time of a family reunion visa in Germany?

Be aware that there is no one-size-fits-all processing time for all cases. The processing time for a German family reunion visa can vary; for example, it may be shorter in certain countries like China (around 8 weeks) and longer in others. Such as in India (where a minimum of 3 months is required). Therefore, it is crucial to check the specific processing times from our immigration lawyers in Germany

Is health insurance required in Germany?

Yes, your spouse must present valid insurance that extends to the initial 3 months of their stay in Germany. Typically, travel insurance is suitable for this period.

Can I bring adult children with me on a family reunion visa?

A parent can seek permission to bring their adult child if it prevents unavoidable hardship. The adult child must be unmarried to qualify for a family reunion visa in Germany. However, this does not preclude them from applying for other types of visas and immigration to Germany.

What is the visa fee for a family reunion visa in Germany?

When attending the interview for your application processing, a visa fee is required. Typically, an adult applying for a German family reunion long-term visa (category D) is charged 75.00 Euro, while for children up to 18 years, the fee is 37.50 Euro. It’s important to note that if you choose to withdraw your application after payment, no refunds will be issued. Similarly, if your visa application is rejected, there will be no reimbursement. In the event of reapplying for a German family reunification visa, the fee must be paid again. 

These are the frequently asked questions about family reunion visas in Germany. If you still have additional questions, please feel free to ask our immigration lawyers.

Number of foreigners in Germany

When it comes to foreign citizens legally living and who can apply for a family reunification visa in Germany, we present the following details:

  • In 2022, there were about 13.38 million non-German residents in Germany, defined as individuals who do not hold German citizenship according to Article 116, Paragraph 1 of the German constitution;
  • As of 2021, Germany was home to 1.4 million Turkish residents;
  • The second-largest community is that of Polish citizens with residency – 866,690 inhabitants;
  • At the level of 2020, there were also 799,180 Romanians registered as German residents.

If you want to relocate to Germany, our lawyers are here to assist you. After Germany immigration, we can further assist you with the application for a residence permit in Germany.

After moving to Germany, if you have spent a specified time in this country. You might be eligible for citizenship. We can help you understand the requirements of German citizenship and assist you with its application process. 

Please contact our lawyers to get step-by-step guidance about German migration. We can also offer you legal help regarding acquiring a family reunion visa in Germany.